Livestock Slaughter
Livestock Slaughter

ISSN: 0499-0544

Released January 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Record High Red Meat, Beef, and Pork Production in December

December 2019 contained 22 weekdays (including 1 holiday) and 4 Saturdays.
December 2020 contained 23 weekdays (including 1 holiday) and 4 Saturdays.

Commercial red meat production for the United States totaled 4.85 billion 
pounds in December, up 3 percent from the 4.73 billion pounds produced in 
December 2019.

Beef production, at 2.32 billion pounds, was 3 percent above the previous 
year. Cattle slaughter totaled 2.78 million head, up 1 percent from December 
2019. The average live weight was up 16 pounds from the previous year, at 
1,389 pounds.

Veal production totaled 5.6 million pounds, 14 percent below December a year 
ago. Calf slaughter totaled 40,600 head, down 19 percent from December 2019. 
The average live weight was up 14 pounds from last year, at 242 pounds.

Pork production totaled 2.51 billion pounds, up 3 percent from the previous 
year. Hog slaughter totaled 11.5 million head, up 1 percent from December 
2019. The average live weight was up 6 pounds from the previous year, at 
294 pounds.

Lamb and mutton production, at 12.0 million pounds, was down 1 percent from 
December 2019. Sheep slaughter totaled 197,800 head, 1 percent above last 
year. The average live weight was 121 pounds, down 2 pounds from December a 
year ago.

January to December 2020 commercial red meat production was 55.7 billion 
pounds, up 1 percent from 2019. Accumulated beef production was down slightly 
from last year, veal was down 14 percent, pork was up 2 percent from last 
year, and lamb and mutton production was down 7 percent. 

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Contents

Commercial Red Meat Production - United States..........................................  4

Federally Inspected Red Meat Production - United States.................................  4

Livestock Slaughter and Average Live Weight - United States.............................  5

Commercial Red Meat Production - States and United States...............................  6

Commercial Cattle Slaughter - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020..........  7

Commercial Calf Slaughter - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020............  8

Commercial Hog Slaughter - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020.............  9

Commercial Sheep and Lamb Slaughter - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020.. 10

Livestock Slaughtered Under Federal Inspection by Class - United States................. 11

Federally Inspected Slaughter Average Dressed Weight by Class - United States........... 11

Federally Inspected Slaughter - Regions and United States: December 2020................ 12

Federally Inspected Slaughter - Regions and United States: January to December 2020..... 13

Federally Inspected Slaughter Percent of Total Commercial Slaughter - United States..... 13

Terms and Definitions Used for Livestock Slaughter Estimates............................ 14

Statistical Methodology................................................................. 15

Information Contacts.................................................................... 16

Commercial Red Meat Production - United States
[Totals, accumulated totals, and percentages based on unrounded data]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          :          :          :December 2020 as % of :     January to December     
                  : December : November : December :----------------------------------------------------
       Type       :   2019   :   2020   :   2020   : December : November  :         :         :2020 as %
                  :          :          :          :   2019   :   2020    :  2019   :  2020   : of 2019 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  : ------- million pounds ------      --- percent ---       million pounds     percent 
                  :                                                                                     
Beef .............: 2,265.1    2,262.9    2,324.7      103         103     27,154.9  27,152.4     100   
Veal .............:     6.5        4.8        5.6       86         116         74.4      64.3      86   
Pork .............: 2,443.1    2,405.5    2,510.1      103         104     27,637.4  28,299.7     102   
Lamb and mutton ..:    12.1       10.6       12.0       99         113        148.6     138.0      93   
                  :                                                                                     
Total red meat ...: 4,726.8    4,683.8    4,852.5      103         104     55,015.3  55,654.3     101   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Federally Inspected Red Meat Production - United States
[Totals, accumulated totals, and percentages based on unrounded data]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          :          :          :December 2020 as % of :     January to December     
                  : December : November : December :----------------------------------------------------
       Type       :   2019   :   2020   :   2020   : December : November  :         :         :2020 as %
                  :          :          :          :   2019   :   2020    :  2019   :  2020   : of 2019 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  : ------- million pounds ------      --- percent ---       million pounds     percent 
                  :                                                                                     
Beef .............: 2,239.2    2,232.3    2,291.7      102         103     26,821.4  26,738.1     100   
Veal .............:     6.4        4.7        5.5       86         116         72.8      62.4      86   
Pork .............: 2,432.8    2,395.1    2,499.2      103         104     27,506.6  28,153.7     102   
Lamb and mutton ..:    11.0        9.3       10.7       97         114        133.8     122.9      92   
                  :                                                                                     
Total red meat ...: 4,689.4    4,641.5    4,807.1      103         104     54,534.6  55,077.1     101   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Livestock Slaughter and Average Live Weight - United States
[Totals, accumulated totals, and percentages based on unrounded data]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :              :              :              :   December   :            January to December             
                             :   December   :   November   :   December   :  2020 as %   :--------------------------------------------
           Species           :     2019     :     2020     :     2020     :   of 2019    :              :              :  2020 as %   
                             :              :              :              :              :     2019     :     2020     :   of 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :                                                percent                                      percent    
                             :                                                                                                        
Cattle                       :                                                                                                        
Number of head               :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected ..1,000:    2,712.6        2,657.1        2,733.8         101          33,069.4       32,151.3          97      
  Other ................1,000:       38.5           44.6           48.2         125             485.9          605.9         125      
  Commercial ...........1,000:    2,751.1        2,701.7        2,782.0         101          33,555.3       32,757.2          98      
Average live weight          :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected .pounds:    1,376          1,391          1,392           101           1,347          1,376           102      
  Other ...............pounds:    1,179          1,203          1,200           102           1,193          1,203           101      
  Commercial ..........pounds:    1,373          1,388          1,389           101           1,344          1,373           102      
                             :                                                                                                        
Calves                       :                                                                                                        
Number of head               :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected ..1,000:       49.1           34.4           40.0          81             578.6          446.8          77      
  Other ................1,000:        0.8            0.7            0.7          88               8.4            9.6         114      
  Commercial ...........1,000:       49.9           35.0           40.6          81             587.0          456.4          78      
Average live weight          :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected .pounds:      226            239            239           106             219            242           111      
  Other ...............pounds:      361            356            389           108             368            365            99      
  Commercial ..........pounds:      228            241            242           106             221            245           111      
                             :                                                                                                        
Hogs                         :                                                                                                        
Number of head               :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected ..1,000:   11,336.3       10,961.0       11,419.2         101         129,210.7      130,781.9         101      
  Other ................1,000:       57.8           53.9           58.1         100             702.3          764.7         109      
  Commercial ...........1,000:   11,394.1       11,014.8       11,477.3         101         129,913.0      131,546.6         101      
Average live weight          :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected .pounds:      288            294            294           102             285            289           101      
  Other ...............pounds:      243            264            257           106             255            262           103      
  Commercial ..........pounds:      288            294            294           102             285            289           101      
                             :                                                                                                        
Sheep and lambs              :                                                                                                        
Number of head               :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected ..1,000:      172.9          152.2          168.4          97           2,020.4        1,894.7          94      
  Other ................1,000:       23.6           28.2           29.4         125             301.3          324.4         108      
  Commercial ...........1,000:      196.5          180.4          197.8         101           2,321.7        2,219.1          96      
Average live weight          :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected .pounds:      127            122            126           100             132            129            98      
  Other ...............pounds:       98             94             95            96             101             96            95      
  Commercial ..........pounds:      123            118            121            99             128            124            97      
                             :                                                                                                        
Goats                        :                                                                                                        
Number of head               :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected ..1,000:       52.2           45.2           51.1          98             545.5          517.9          95      
  Other ................1,000:       13.1            8.5            9.3          71             129.7          105.9          82      
  Commercial ...........1,000:       65.3           53.8           60.4          93             675.2          623.8          92      
Average live weight          :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected .pounds:       65             65             65           101              65             65            99      
  Other ...............pounds:       81             84             84           105              82             85           103      
  Commercial ..........pounds:       68             68             68           100              68             68           100      
                             :                                                                                                        
Bison                        :                                                                                                        
Number of head               :                                                                                                        
  Federally inspected ..1,000:        4.6            5.0            5.4         118              54.3           62.7         116      
  Other ................1,000:        0.5            0.2            0.3          66               5.5            4.1          75      
  Commercial ...........1,000:        5.1            5.3            5.7         113              59.8           66.8         112      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Commercial Red Meat Production - States and United States
[Includes total beef, veal, pork, lamb, and mutton. Totals and percentages based on
unrounded data]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         State         :   December   :   November   :   December   :December 2020 as 
                       :     2019     :     2020     :     2020     :    % of 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       :   ----------- million pounds ----------          percent     
                       :                                                              
Alabama ...............:       0.7            1.1            1.1            158       
Alaska ................:       0.1            0.1            0.1            128       
Arizona ...............:      39.7           37.6           41.9            105       
Arkansas ..............:       0.4            0.4            0.5            128       
California ............:     143.1          143.5          152.5            107       
Colorado ..............:     172.5          173.2          183.1            106       
Delaware-Maryland .....:       3.0            2.6            3.0             98       
Florida ...............:       3.4            4.0            4.9            146       
Georgia ...............:      13.5           13.3           15.0            111       
Hawaii ................:       0.8            0.9            1.0            127       
                       :                                                              
Idaho .................:      32.4           32.5           34.2            105       
Illinois ..............:     302.5          290.7          300.5             99       
Indiana ...............:     155.8          163.5          167.3            107       
Iowa ..................:     770.4          760.4          775.8            101       
Kansas ................:     484.1          508.3          510.0            105       
Kentucky ..............:      55.3           51.7           56.1            101       
Louisiana .............:       0.3            0.3            0.3            103       
Michigan ..............:      99.5          104.3          111.8            112       
Minnesota .............:     247.7          248.7          264.1            107       
Mississippi ...........:       0.6            0.7            0.7            118       
                       :                                                              
Missouri ..............:     165.1          167.0          171.2            104       
Montana ...............:       1.2            2.1            1.4            116       
Nebraska ..............:     680.4          674.0          678.3            100       
Nevada ................:       (Y)            0.1            0.1            (X)       
New England 1/ ........:       2.2            2.9            3.1            137       
New Jersey ............:       3.8            3.4            4.0            107       
New Mexico ............:       0.3            0.3            0.4            116       
New York ..............:       3.2            3.1            3.6            113       
North Carolina ........:     244.0          217.7          238.7             98       
North Dakota ..........:       0.5            0.5            0.6            118       
                       :                                                              
Ohio ..................:      21.7           23.7           25.3            117       
Oklahoma ..............:     106.9          112.6          120.0            112       
Oregon ................:       3.8            4.1            4.1            108       
Pennsylvania ..........:     132.2          119.6          131.9            100       
South Carolina ........:      13.1           15.1           15.3            117       
South Dakota ..........:     130.9          128.3          134.3            103       
Tennessee .............:      25.7           25.5           27.7            108       
Texas .................:     382.7          378.1          383.1            100       
Utah ..................:      46.0           45.6           49.4            107       
Virginia ..............:      50.5           37.7           42.9             85       
                       :                                                              
Washington ............:      82.7           79.8           81.2             98       
West Virginia .........:       0.9            1.1            1.1            119       
Wisconsin .............:     102.7          103.1          110.4            108       
Wyoming ...............:       0.4            0.5            0.6            153       
                       :                                                              
United States .........:   4,726.8        4,683.8        4,852.5            103       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X) Not applicable.                                                                   
(Y) Less than level of precision shown.                                               
1/  New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode      
    Island, and Vermont.                                                              

Commercial Cattle Slaughter - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      Slaughtered      :  Total live weight   : Average live weight 
       State      :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020   :   2019   :   2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :  ---- 1,000 head ---    --- 1,000 pounds ---    ---- pounds ----   
                  :                                                                    
Alabama ..........:      0.4         1.0          438      1,059    1,009      1,042   
Alaska ...........:      (Y)         0.1          (X)         91      (X)      1,068   
Arizona ..........:     46.8        48.0       64,784     67,760    1,386      1,415   
Arkansas .........:      0.4         0.6          418        643      948      1,034   
California .......:    137.4       136.4      180,709    180,796    1,324      1,333   
Colorado .........:    190.9       199.2      269,100    284,781    1,411      1,431   
Delaware-Maryland :      3.1         3.1        4,308      4,343    1,369      1,406   
Florida ..........:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)      (D)        (D)   
Georgia ..........:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)      (D)        (D)   
Hawaii ...........:      1.1         1.4        1,192      1,592    1,111      1,134   
                  :                                                                    
Idaho ............:     45.3        46.7       57,391     59,278    1,278      1,280   
Illinois .........:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)      (D)        (D)   
Indiana ..........:      2.7         3.8        3,124      4,466    1,173      1,176   
Iowa .............:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)      (D)        (D)   
Kansas ...........:    536.4       562.8      749,582    789,751    1,398      1,404   
Kentucky .........:      3.7         3.8        3,818      4,247    1,038      1,114   
Louisiana ........:      0.4         0.4          324        355      755        793   
Michigan .........:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)      (D)        (D)   
Minnesota ........:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)      (D)        (D)   
Mississippi ......:      0.3         0.4          276        390      948        971   
                  :                                                                    
Missouri .........:      3.6         7.6        4,039      8,994    1,130      1,183   
Montana ..........:      1.3         1.4        1,667      1,874    1,321      1,306   
Nebraska .........:    607.2       584.0      880,608    862,685    1,452      1,479   
Nevada ...........:      0.1         0.1           63         81    1,252      1,138   
New England 1/ ...:      2.4         3.3        2,657      3,807    1,124      1,154   
New Jersey .......:      3.6         4.3        4,065      4,804    1,118      1,134   
New Mexico .......:      0.5         0.5          497        529      932      1,092   
New York .........:      3.1         3.7        3,713      4,527    1,193      1,246   
North Carolina ...:      6.3         7.4        7,765      9,090    1,235      1,232   
North Dakota .....:      0.6         0.7          743        887    1,245      1,286   
                  :                                                                    
Ohio .............:      5.0         5.8        6,479      7,590    1,306      1,309   
Oklahoma .........:      2.6         4.1        2,770      4,430    1,054      1,077   
Oregon ...........:      1.3         1.8        1,410      2,054    1,129      1,150   
Pennsylvania .....:     93.0        90.3      112,339    111,382    1,213      1,240   
South Carolina ...:     19.8        22.2       24,758     29,391    1,256      1,329   
South Dakota .....:     41.8        42.1       57,470     60,975    1,382      1,458   
Tennessee ........:      2.1         2.9        1,970      2,970      949      1,041   
Texas ............:    472.7       467.4      624,546    620,696    1,325      1,332   
Utah .............:     55.0        57.2       73,924     79,315    1,345      1,389   
Virginia .........:      1.3         1.5        1,387      1,711    1,062      1,105   
                  :                                                                    
Washington .......:     97.2        95.2      135,753    133,474    1,401      1,406   
West Virginia ....:      1.4         1.7        1,370      1,737      953      1,036   
Wisconsin ........:    116.4       119.8      159,303    165,902    1,377      1,393   
Wyoming ..........:      0.6         0.8          617        930    1,088      1,134   
                  :                                                                    
United States ....:  2,751.1     2,782.0    3,769,575  3,855,090    1,373      1,389   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                       
(X) Not applicable.                                                                    
(Y) Less than level of precision shown.                                                
1/  New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode       
    Island, and Vermont.                                                               

Commercial Calf Slaughter - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      Slaughtered      :  Total live weight   : Average live weight 
       State      :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020   :   2019   :   2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   -- 1,000 head --          1,000 pounds         --- pounds ---    
                  :                                                                    
Alabama ..........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
Alaska ...........:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Arizona ..........:    (D)         (Y)          (D)        (X)       (D)        (X)    
Arkansas .........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
California .......:    4.2         4.3          563        596       140        142    
Colorado .........:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Delaware-Maryland :    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Florida ..........:    0.1         0.1           30         50       421        379    
Georgia ..........:    0.1         0.1           32         74       458        495    
Hawaii ...........:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
                  :                                                                    
Idaho ............:    2.8         1.6          244        139        87         86    
Illinois .........:    0.1         0.1           39         23       420        361    
Indiana ..........:    0.4         0.6          125        230       326        414    
Iowa .............:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Kansas ...........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
Kentucky .........:    (D)         (Y)          (D)        (X)       (D)        (X)    
Louisiana ........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
Michigan .........:    0.1         0.1           30         40       301        400    
Minnesota ........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
Mississippi ......:    (D)         (Y)          (D)        (X)       (D)        (X)    
                  :                                                                    
Missouri .........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
Montana ..........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
Nebraska .........:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Nevada ...........:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
New England 1/ ...:    0.3         0.2           74         67       240        278    
New Jersey .......:    2.2         1.7          836        641       380        388    
New Mexico .......:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
New York .........:    9.8         7.6          844        658        86         87    
North Carolina ...:    (Y)         0.1          (X)         35       (X)        314    
North Dakota .....:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
                  :                                                                    
Ohio .............:   14.0        12.3        2,050      1,841       148        150    
Oklahoma .........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
Oregon ...........:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Pennsylvania .....:   10.0         8.6        4,224      3,864       424        451    
South Carolina ...:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
South Dakota .....:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Tennessee ........:    (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)       (X)        (X)    
Texas ............:    0.2         0.2           91         96       432        440    
Utah .............:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Virginia .........:    (D)         0.1          (D)         26       (D)        254    
                  :                                                                    
Washington .......:    1.1         (D)           96        (D)        85        (D)    
West Virginia ....:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
Wisconsin ........:    4.0         2.7        1,849      1,321       467        485    
Wyoming ..........:    (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)       (D)        (D)    
                  :                                                                    
United States ....:   49.9        40.6       11,307      9,744       228        242    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                       
(X) Not applicable.                                                                    
(Y) Less than level of precision shown.                                                
1/  New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode       
    Island, and Vermont.                                                               

Commercial Hog Slaughter - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      Slaughtered      :  Total live weight   : Average live weight 
       State      :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020   :   2019   :   2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  : ---- 1,000 head ----    --- 1,000 pounds ---     --- pounds ---    
                  :                                                                    
Alabama ..........:      1.7         1.9          713        763     409        398    
Alaska ...........:      0.1         0.1           30         17     264        276    
Arizona ..........:      0.1         0.1           32         20     258        253    
Arkansas .........:      0.7         0.5          183        140     263        293    
California .......:    219.4       245.5       55,701     66,841     254        273    
Colorado .........:      1.3         1.3          303        356     235        270    
Delaware-Maryland :      1.7         1.7          436        479     251        280    
Florida ..........:      7.0         4.9          809        718     115        148    
Georgia ..........:      5.8         6.2        1,434      1,581     247        257    
Hawaii ...........:      0.4         0.3          100         80     268        262    
                  :                                                                    
Idaho ............:     15.1        15.9        4,073      4,552     270        286    
Illinois .........:  1,096.8     1,088.2      314,784    319,088     287        293    
Indiana ..........:    729.1       786.6      205,265    220,190     282        280    
Iowa .............:  3,462.9     3,418.8      994,094    999,995     287        293    
Kansas ...........:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)     (D)        (D)    
Kentucky .........:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)     (D)        (D)    
Louisiana ........:      1.0         0.8          143        129     149        161    
Michigan .........:    268.2       311.3       80,025     92,548     298        297    
Minnesota ........:  1,038.7     1,096.4      289,323    307,790     279        281    
Mississippi ......:      3.8         4.0          562        636     147        158    
                  :                                                                    
Missouri .........:    728.5       734.1      217,935    221,686     299        302    
Montana ..........:      0.9         1.0          245        296     287        286    
Nebraska .........:    670.6       687.2      190,272    198,005     284        288    
Nevada ...........:      (Y)         (Y)          (X)        (X)     (X)        (X)    
New England 1/ ...:      3.1         3.3          743        886     243        266    
New Jersey .......:     11.2         7.5        1,010        776      90        104    
New Mexico .......:      0.1         0.2           39         48     272        244    
New York .........:      2.2         2.7          488        679     219        250    
North Carolina ...:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)     (D)        (D)    
North Dakota .....:      0.3         0.3           86         91     330        330    
                  :                                                                    
Ohio .............:     79.3        94.1       22,592     26,606     285        283    
Oklahoma .........:    491.1       505.6      139,752    153,209     285        303    
Oregon ...........:     13.2        12.0        3,556      3,403     270        284    
Pennsylvania .....:    302.8       296.5       86,501     85,580     286        289    
South Carolina ...:      4.7         4.3        1,022        880     220        207    
South Dakota .....:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)     (D)        (D)    
Tennessee ........:     81.4        90.2       37,077     39,255     456        436    
Texas ............:     32.3        28.4        6,399      6,927     198        244    
Utah .............:      5.5         3.4          600        610     109        181    
Virginia .........:      (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)     (D)        (D)    
                  :                                                                    
Washington .......:      1.2         2.1          323        538     264        254    
West Virginia ....:      0.6         0.6          188        191     296        316    
Wisconsin ........:     60.0        73.7       25,685     31,426     429        427    
Wyoming ..........:      0.2         0.2           50         62     296        303    
                  :                                                                    
United States ....: 11,394.1    11,477.3    3,279,660  3,370,188     288        294    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                       
(X) Not applicable.                                                                    
(Y) Less than level of precision shown.                                                
1/  New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode       
    Island, and Vermont.                                                               

Commercial Sheep and Lamb Slaughter - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      Slaughtered      :  Total live weight   : Average live weight 
       State      :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020   :   2019   :   2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   --- 1,000 head --      -- 1,000 pounds --      --- pounds ---    
                  :                                                                    
Alabama ..........:     (Y)         1.4         (X)          94      (X)         68    
Alaska ...........:     (Y)         (Y)         (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)    
Arizona ..........:     0.1         0.1          14          15       96        115    
Arkansas .........:     0.1         (Y)           6         (X)      119        (X)    
California .......:    24.9        28.4       3,569       3,986      144        141    
Colorado .........:    60.2        48.9       9,082       7,631      151        156    
Delaware-Maryland :     3.0         1.3         283         144       95        114    
Florida ..........:     1.6         2.3          94         134       57         60    
Georgia ..........:     2.7         1.6         174         123       65         77    
Hawaii ...........:     0.1         0.1           9          13      123        111    
                  :                                                                    
Idaho ............:     0.2         0.1          20          15      123        145    
Illinois .........:     4.2         5.1         326         383       77         75    
Indiana ..........:     5.8         7.0         627         779      109        111    
Iowa .............:     0.1         0.2          20          28      151        152    
Kansas ...........:     0.4         0.4          37          38       94        104    
Kentucky .........:     1.5         1.5         181         161      119        110    
Louisiana ........:     0.4         0.4          22          24       52         61    
Michigan .........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)      (D)        (D)    
Minnesota ........:     0.5         0.5          50          50       93         93    
Mississippi ......:     0.6         0.4          38          27       62         62    
                  :                                                                    
Missouri .........:     0.9         0.8          78          72       87         88    
Montana ..........:     0.4         0.4          47          52      130        127    
Nebraska .........:     (Y)         (Y)         (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)    
Nevada ...........:     (Y)         0.1         (X)           7      (X)        149    
New England 1/ ...:     3.5         4.7         320         433       92         92    
New Jersey .......:    15.4        17.2       1,189       1,362       77         79    
New Mexico .......:     0.4         0.5          57          69      137        142    
New York .........:     6.7         6.0         648         584       97         97    
North Carolina ...:     2.5         3.3         163         223       66         68    
North Dakota .....:     (Y)         (Y)         (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)    
                  :                                                                    
Ohio .............:     5.2         4.7         812         749      156        159    
Oklahoma .........:     1.0         1.1          87         104       86         94    
Oregon ...........:     4.4         5.0         598         681      135        138    
Pennsylvania .....:     8.5        10.1         824       1,030       97        102    
South Carolina ...:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)      (D)        (D)    
South Dakota .....:     0.4         0.3          59          39      149        147    
Tennessee ........:     1.5         (D)          95         (D)       64        (D)    
Texas ............:    13.4        17.6       1,109       1,474       83         84    
Utah .............:     2.0         1.8         271         235      133        133    
Virginia .........:     0.7         1.6          54         112       73         69    
                  :                                                                    
Washington .......:     1.4         1.6         186         217      131        139    
West Virginia ....:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)      (D)        (D)    
Wisconsin ........:     1.3         5.2         177         762      138        148    
Wyoming ..........:     0.1         0.1          11          16      137        136    
                  :                                                                    
United States ....:   196.5       197.8      24,173      24,025      123        121    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                       
(X) Not applicable.                                                                    
(Y) Less than level of precision shown.                                                
1/  New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode       
    Island, and Vermont.                                                               

Livestock Slaughtered Under Federal Inspection by Class - United States
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          :          :          :  January to December  :          :          :          :  January to December  
       Class      : December : November : December :-----------------------: December : November : December :-----------------------
                  :   2019   :   2020   :   2020   :   2019    :   2020    :   2019   :   2020   :   2020   :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  : --------------------- 1,000 head ---------------------    ----------------- percent of total ----------------   
                  :                                                                                                                 
Cattle            :                                                                                                                 
Steers ...........:  1,291.0    1,292.4    1,323.0    16,297.8    15,856.2     47.6       48.6       48.4        49.3        49.3   
Heifers ..........:    832.2      798.2      808.2     9,818.9     9,445.3     30.7       30.0       29.6        29.7        29.4   
All cows .........:    548.8      525.6      561.7     6,414.0     6,331.4     20.2       19.8       20.5        19.4        19.7   
Dairy cows .......:    265.4      229.4      273.5     3,224.2     3,063.5      9.8        8.6       10.0         9.7         9.5   
Other cows .......:    283.5      296.2      288.2     3,189.8     3,267.9     10.4       11.1       10.5         9.6        10.2   
Bulls ............:     40.5       40.9       40.9       538.7       518.3      1.5        1.5        1.5         1.6         1.6   
                  :                                                                                                                 
Total ............:  2,712.6    2,657.1    2,733.8    33,069.4    32,151.3    100.0      100.0      100.0       100.0       100.0   
                  :                                                                                                                 
Calves and        :                                                                                                                 
 vealers ......   :     49.1       34.4       40.0       578.6       446.8    100.0      100.0      100.0       100.0       100.0   
                  :                                                                                                                 
Hogs              :                                                                                                                 
Barrows and       :                                                                                                                 
  gilts ..........: 11,053.8   10,687.2   11,109.2   125,844.3   127,149.2     97.5       97.5       97.3        97.4        97.2   
Sows .............:    255.6      250.9      283.7     3,012.0     3,321.1      2.3        2.3        2.5         2.3         2.5   
Boars ............:     26.9       22.8       26.4       354.3       311.6      0.2        0.2        0.2         0.3         0.2   
                  :                                                                                                                 
Total ............: 11,336.3   10,961.0   11,419.2   129,210.7   130,781.9    100.0      100.0      100.0       100.0       100.0   
                  :                                                                                                                 
Sheep             :                                                                                                                 
Mature            :                                                                                                                 
  sheep ..........:     10.3        8.7       10.7       114.8       113.0      5.9        5.7        6.3         5.7         6.0   
Lambs and         :                                                                                                                 
  yearlings ......:    162.6      143.5      157.8     1,905.6     1,781.7     94.1       94.3       93.7        94.3        94.0   
                  :                                                                                                                 
Total ............:    172.9      152.2      168.4     2,020.4     1,894.7    100.0      100.0      100.0       100.0       100.0   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Federally Inspected Slaughter Average Dressed Weight by Class - United States
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :          :          :          :  January to December  
          Class          : December : November : December :-----------------------
                         :   2019   :   2020   :   2020   :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :                         pounds                         
                         :                                                        
Cattle ...............   :   827        842        840         813         834    
Steers 1/ ...............:   905        924        920         878         908    
Heifers 1/ ..............:   836        848        847         813         835    
All cows 1/ .............:   629        628        639         639         641    
Bulls 1/ ................:   851        865        859         878         879    
                         :                                                        
Calves and vealers ...   :   131        139        139         127         141    
                         :                                                        
Hogs .................   :   215        219        219         213         215    
Barrows and gilts 2/ ....:   213        217        217         211         213    
Sows 2/ .................:   301        300        297         304         303    
Boars 2/ ................:   194        193        195         196         193    
                         :                                                        
Sheep ................   :    63         61         63          66          65    
Mature sheep 3/ .........:    64         63         64          65          65    
Lambs and yearlings 3/ ..:    63         61         63          66          65    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Included in cattle average dressed weight.                                     
2/ Included in hog average dressed weight.                                        
3/ Included in sheep average dressed weight.                                      

Federally Inspected Slaughter - Regions and United States: December 2020
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                            Cattle                            : Calves 
   Standard   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    federal   :        :        :        :           Cows           :        :        
  regions 1/  : Total  : Steers :Heifers :--------------------------: Bulls  : Total  
              :        :        :        :  All   : Dairy  : Other  :        :        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 head                               
              :                                                                       
1 ............:    3.0      1.3     (D)      0.4      0.2      0.3      (D)      0.2  
2 ............:    7.8      2.5     1.6      3.4      3.2      0.1      0.4      9.2  
3 ............:   93.5     33.7     2.6     53.2     45.9      7.3      4.0      8.7  
4 ............:   68.5      3.9     1.7     53.8     15.4     38.4      9.1      0.3  
5 ............:  286.0    127.1     (D)    117.6     68.4     49.1      (D)     15.6  
6 ............:  466.5    217.3   148.4     92.9     26.9     66.1      7.9      0.1  
7 ............:1,184.8    653.0   459.5     65.9     10.6     55.3      6.5      (Y)  
8 ............:  295.9    158.4   102.3     33.8      7.5     26.3      1.5      (Y)  
9 ............:  185.3     78.3    22.5     82.5     67.2     15.3      2.0      4.1  
10 ...........:  142.6     47.5    34.2     58.4     28.3     30.1      2.5      1.6  
              :                                                                       
United States :2,733.8  1,323.0   808.2    561.7    273.5    288.2     40.9     40.0  

              :----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                 Hogs                  :            Sheep             
              :----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :  Total  : Barrows :         :         :  Total  : Mature  :Lambs and 
              :         :and gilts:  Sows   :  Boars  :         :  sheep  :yearlings 
              :----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 head                              
              :                                                                      
1 ............:     2.9       2.9      (Y)      (Y)        4.5      0.3        4.2   
2 ............:    10.1      10.0      (Y)      (Y)       22.6      2.5       20.1   
3 ............:   477.5     476.2      (D)      (D)       13.6      1.1       12.5   
4 ............:     (D)       (D)      (D)      (D)       10.5      1.4        9.1   
5 ............: 3,427.9   3,295.2    127.9      4.9       30.0      2.4       27.7   
6 ............:   529.0     528.9      0.1      (Y)        3.7      0.5        3.1   
7 ............: 4,853.7   4,769.4     68.0     16.4        1.0      (Y)        1.0   
8 ............:     (D)       (D)      0.3      (Y)       50.4      1.4       49.0   
9 ............:   240.6     240.6      (Y)      (Y)       26.5      0.7       25.8   
10 ...........:    29.5      29.5      (Y)      (Y)        5.6      0.3        5.3   
              :                                                                      
United States :11,419.2  11,109.2    283.7     26.4      168.4     10.7      157.8   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(Y) Less than level of precision shown.                                              
1/  States included in regions are as follows:  1 - Connecticut, Maine,              
    Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont; 2 - New Jersey, New York; 3 
    - Delaware-Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia; 4 - Alabama, Florida,
    Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee; 5 -   
    Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin; 6 - Arkansas, Louisiana,
    New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas; 7 - Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska; 8- Colorado,  
    Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming; 9 - Arizona, California,     
    Hawaii, Nevada; 10 - Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington.                          

Federally Inspected Slaughter - Regions and United States: January to December 2020
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                            Cattle                            : Calves 
   Standard   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    federal   :        :        :        :           Cows           :        :        
  regions 1/  : Total  : Steers :Heifers :--------------------------: Bulls  : Total  
              :        :        :        :  All   : Dairy  : Other  :        :        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 head                               
              :                                                                       
1 ............:    33.6     14.6     (D)      6.2      2.9      3.3     (D)      2.8  
2 ............:    87.3     26.8    18.4     37.8     35.4      2.4     4.4    101.9  
3 ............: 1,024.7    352.9    36.0    593.7    487.9    105.8    42.0     94.9  
4 ............:   793.9     55.4    18.4    616.1    174.8    441.2   104.1      3.3  
5 ............: 3,268.1  1,550.4     (D)  1,212.8    732.5    480.3     (D)    152.3  
6 ............: 5,624.3  2,639.4 1,777.4  1,113.9    334.5    779.4    93.7      1.1  
7 ............:14,087.3  7,913.8 5,362.9    717.2     94.2    623.0    93.4      0.5  
8 ............: 3,457.6  1,848.1 1,181.9    410.9     95.4    315.5    16.6      (Y)  
9 ............: 2,165.5    921.1   251.9    963.9    761.1    202.8    28.6     52.7  
10 ...........: 1,608.8    533.7   381.6    658.9    344.7    314.2    34.7     37.3  
              :                                                                       
United States :32,151.3 15,856.2 9,445.3  6,331.4  3,063.5  3,267.9   518.3    446.8  

              :----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                 Hogs                  :            Sheep             
              :----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :  Total   : Barrows  :        :        :  Total  : Mature  :Lambs and 
              :          :and gilts :  Sows  : Boars  :         :  sheep  :yearlings 
              :----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 head                              
              :                                                                      
1 ............:     31.9       31.5      0.4     0.1       43.9      3.1       40.8  
2 ............:     97.5       97.0      0.4     0.1      227.1     24.3      202.8  
3 ............:  5,608.0    5,595.0      (D)     (D)      153.0     14.4      138.6  
4 ............:      (D)        (D)      (D)     (D)      128.0     13.7      114.3  
5 ............: 38,542.1   36,949.0  1,536.0    57.1      313.9     24.4      289.5  
6 ............:  6,127.2    6,125.2      1.7     0.2       57.8      3.9       53.9  
7 ............: 57,090.4   56,126.8    778.5   185.1       13.8      0.2       13.6  
8 ............:      (D)        (D)      7.5     0.3      612.6     17.4      595.2  
9 ............:  2,662.8    2,662.4      0.4     0.1      288.2      8.7      279.5  
10 ...........:    347.4      346.9      0.4     0.1       56.4      3.0       53.4  
              :                                                                      
United States :130,781.9  127,149.2  3,321.1   311.6    1,894.7    113.0    1,781.7  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(Y) Less than level of precision shown.                                              
1/  States included in regions are as follows:  1 - Connecticut, Maine,              
    Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont; 2 - New Jersey, New York; 3 
    - Delaware-Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia; 4 - Alabama, Florida,
    Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee; 5 -   
    Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin; 6 - Arkansas, Louisiana,
    New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas; 7 - Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska; 8- Colorado,  
    Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming; 9 - Arizona, California,     
    Hawaii, Nevada; 10 - Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington.                          

Federally Inspected Slaughter Percent of Total Commercial Slaughter -
United States
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :             :             :            :  January to December   
    Species   :  December   :  November   :  December  :------------------------
              :    2019     :    2020     :    2020    :    2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                             percent                             
              :                                                                 
Cattle .......:    98.6          98.3          98.3         98.6        98.2    
Calves .......:    98.5          98.1          98.4         98.6        97.9    
Hogs .........:    99.5          99.5          99.5         99.5        99.4    
Sheep ........:    88.0          84.3          85.2         87.0        85.4    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Terms and Definitions Used for Livestock Slaughter Estimates

Average Live Weight: The weight of the whole animal, before slaughter. 
Excludes post-mortem condemnations.

Commercial Production: Includes slaughter and meat production in federally 
inspected and other plants, but excludes animals slaughtered on farms. Based 
on packers' dressed weights.

Custom-Exempt Plants: Plants that do not sell meat but operate on a custom 
basis only are custom-exempt. The animals and meat are not inspected, but the 
facilities must meet health standards. These are considered NFI plants and 
head kill is included in NFI totals.

Dressed Weight: The weight of a chilled animal carcass. Beef with kidney knob 
in; veal with hide off; lamb and mutton with pluck out; pork with leaf fat 
and kidneys out, jowls on and head off.

Dressing Percent: Usually expressed as a percentage yield of chilled carcass 
in relation to the weight of the live animal on hoof. For example, a live hog 
that weighed 200 pounds on hoof and yielded a carcass weighing 140 pounds 
would have a dressing percentage of 70.

Federally Inspected (FI) Plants: Plants that transport meat interstate must 
employ federal inspectors to assure compliance with USDA standards. Any state 
whose commercial plants operate entirely under federal inspection may still 
have custom-exempt establishments for which NFI estimates are made.

Food and Meat Inspection: Includes examination, checking, or testing of a 
carcass and/or meat against established government standards and involves 
checking the facility for cleanliness, health of animals, or parts of animals 
and quality of the meat produced.

Non-Federally Inspected (NFI) Plants: Plants which sell and transport only 
intrastate. State inspectors assure compliance with individual state 
standards for these NFI plants. Mobile slaughtering units are excluded and 
are considered farm slaughter.

Number of Head: Includes post-mortem condemnations.

Plant, Slaughter: An establishment where animals are killed and butchered.

Red Meat: Red meat production is the carcass weight after slaughter excluding 
condemnation and is comprised of beef, veal, pork, and lamb and mutton. The 
FI red meat production is equal to the total carcass weight after slaughter. 
The NFI meat production formula is (NFI head kill) X (live weight) X (FI 
dressing percentage) = NFI red meat production.

Slaughter: Killing and butchering of animals primarily for food.

Slaughter, Farm: Animals slaughtered on farms primarily for home consumption. 
Excludes custom slaughter for farmers at commercial establishments, but 
includes mobile slaughtering on farms. These estimates appear only in the 
annual slaughter release.

Talmedge-Aiken (TA) Plants: Slaughter plants in which USDA is responsible for 
inspection. However, federal inspection is carried out by State employees. 
These plants are considered to be federally inspected.

Total Live Weight: The total weight of live animals, before slaughter. 
Excludes post-mortem condemnations.

Wholesome Meat Act: Legislation that specifies that all meat produced for 
sale in the United States must be inspected. Meat that is transported 
interstate must be inspected in compliance with Federal (USDA) Standards.

Statistical Methodology

Data Sources: Primary data for the Livestock Slaughter publication are 
obtained from electronic reports completed by inspectors from the Food Safety 
and Inspection Service (FSIS), USDA, which provide daily counts of animals 
slaughtered in Federally Inspected (FI) plants, in addition to total live and 
dressed weights. These counts are combined with data from State-administered 
Non-Federally Inspected (NFI) slaughter plants to derive total commercial 
slaughter estimates.

There are approximately 800 livestock slaughter plants in the United States 
operating under Federal Inspection and about 1,900 Non-Federally Inspected 
(State-inspected or custom-exempt) slaughter plants. Slaughter from State-
inspected Talmedge-Aiken plants is included in FI totals (see Terms and 
Definitions, page 14). To prevent duplication in reporting between FI and NFI 
plants and assure all FI plants are included, certificates prepared by FSIS 
identifying operating status are constantly monitored.

Revision Policy: Number of head slaughtered, live weights, and dressed 
weights are subject to revision the following month after the monthly 
release. Annual totals are published in the slaughter summary each April 
which includes any revisions made to current and previous year's published 
data. Revisions are generally the result of late reports received from 
slaughter plants and are usually less than one-half of one percent. No 
revisions will be made to the previous year's data after the publication of 
the annual summary in April.

Procedures and Reliability: The livestock slaughter data is obtained 
electronically on a daily basis and summarized approximately two weeks after 
the week of slaughter. A computer program compares each plant's data with the 
historical data for that plant. Data are checked for unusual values for head 
kill, patterns of kill, average weights, and dressing percent, based on each 
plant's past operating profile. In addition, the computer program provides a 
listing of missing reports for follow-up contact with FSIS. Average live and 
dressed weights and dressing percentages by State are compared with the 
previous weeks as an additional check. Fluctuations are frequently the result 
of plants permanently or temporarily closing and a shift in the species 
reported.

The FSIS District Veterinary Medical Specialists (DVMS) are contacted by e-
mail or telephone for missing or potentially erroneous slaughter data. This 
assures that plants slaughtering a large number of head or several species 
are accounted for each week. Any corrections FSIS makes to the slaughter data 
are included in the summary.

Computer imputation may be necessary for incomplete reports. The imputation 
of live and dressed weights is based on the current week reported data of 
plants of similar size and location. Imputation for live and dressed weight 
data for cattle and hogs is less than 10 percent and 7 percent, respectively. 
The imputation for calves and sheep is more frequent and variable.  If no 
data is received electronically or by other means, for plants slaughtering 
fewer than 50 total head weekly of only one species, data are imputed. The 
imputation of head for any plant is based on the historical data for that 
particular plant. The imputation of head slaughtered is rare but when 
necessary, the imputed head kill for missing plants usually is less than 1 
percent of the United States head kill totals.

FI data are summarized weekly and accumulated to a monthly total for this 
release. These weekly totals are published by USDA's Agricultural Marketing 
Service (AMS) in Livestock, Meat, Wool Market News, Weekly Summary, and 
statistics are also available on the NASS website. NFI data are summarized 
monthly only.

Livestock slaughter estimates are based on a census of operating plants and 
therefore, have no sampling error. However, they may be subject to non-
sampling errors such as omissions, duplications and mistakes in reporting, 
recording and processing the data. These errors are minimized through rigid 
quality controls in the computer edit program and summarization process, and 
a careful review of all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

No data are published when an individual plant's data could be divulged. If 
not published, as indicated with a (D), these data are still included in 
United States and region totals. A review of the data is made annually to 
determine the publishable data.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock 
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact 
for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to 
nass@usda.gov.

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ......... (202) 692-0069

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ...........  (202) 690-2424
   Sherry Bertramsen - Livestock Slaughter ...... (202) 690-8632
   Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats .............. (202) 720-0585
   Ryan Cowen - Cattle, Cattle on Feed .......... (202) 720-3040
   Mike Miller - Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Suzanne Richards - Dairy Products ............ (202) 720-4448
   Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs ................. (202) 720-3106

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov.